National Treasure Inuyama Castle

立地図と城郭構造

about the location of the castle and its structure

media:国宝犬山城のウェブサイト

client:犬山市観光協会 planning:石井晴森真弓 愛知県立芸術大学准教授  production:岩瀬直樹

国宝犬山城

1  犬山城の立地図 location map

4.12-7 InuYama - Location 犬山城 立地図 扇状地.jpg

犬山市は、愛知県の最北端、木曽川が濃尾平野へと流れ出る木曽川扇状地(犬山扇状地)の

扇頂部(せんちょうぶ)に位置しています。

Inuyama Castle was built at the northernmost tip of Owari-han (fief; Owari is today the western part of Aichi Prefecture)

at the foot of a fan-shaped area formed by the Kiso River. The Kiso River is the natural boundary between

the Mino-han (present-day Gifu Prefecture), with its main castle of Gifu, and the Owari-han, with Nagoya Castle

 where Tokugawa Ieyasu in 1603 established the Tokugawa Shogunate. 

Inuyama Castle is located about halfway along the line connecting the two camps and was the scene

of many battles due to this strategic importance.

2   城の郭構造 castle structure

 総構え   Sogamae (exterior ramparts)

4.12-1 InuYama - Castle structure - Sogamae (Exterior ramparts) 11-城郭構造-1920x1184cm-2.jpg

① 入口  entrance with crooked road design to make intrusions difficult and easy to defend against

② 犬山駅、現在の到着点  present-day arrival point: Inuyama Station    ③ 外堀  Sotobori (outer moat)  

④ 本町通り  Honmachi-dori (main street of the castle town)

    3   今と江戸時代 犬山駅周辺からの眺め today and in the Edo period: view from Inuyama Station area

4.12-6-InuYama-Station---16-犬山駅からの眺望-今昔-anime.gif

4   城郭構造 castle structure

縄張り  Nawabari (citadel) 

4.12-2 InuYama - Castle structure - Citadel (Nawabari) 12-縄張り図-1920x1184cm-2.jpg

① 本丸  Hon-maru (central wall) and four outside walls:  ② 杉の丸  Sugi-no-maru,  ③ 樅の丸  Momi-no-maru,

④ 桐の丸  Iri-no-maru, and  ⑤ 松の丸  Matsu-no-maru

⑥ 大手道  Ote-michi (the central lane) runs through the middle of the castle territory and has five gates.

5   城郭構造 castle structure

 天守の構造と仕組み structure of the castle tower